Student Well-Being

Proxy Indicators

A more realistic way to assess student well-being in IRC programs is to use what are called "proxy indicators." Although these are not a direct measure of what you want to know about, proxy indicators are nonetheless a reliable "second-hand" measurement in a specific context. For example, we might use the following indicators to give some insight into the extent to which students feel comfortable and happy in school. In certain contexts, it is culturally appropriate to expect that if children and youth are happy in school, they will engage in some of these behaviors:

  • Asking questions of the teacher in class

  • Playing in groups in the playground during break-times

  • Engaging in conversations with other students

  • Sharing food together

  • Sharing learning materials in class

  • Walking to and from school together for classes


Definition: proxy indicators

highly context-specific, second-hand measurement that will reliably represent another measure