Teacher Well-Being

Teacher Well-Being / Teacher Motivation / Summary Framework

Summary Framework: Teacher Motivation

Teacher motivation is an important factor in promoting quality teaching oriented to the healing, well-being and protection of children and youth. Teachers should always receive a decent salary and adequate compensation for the important work they do.

Click here to read the teacher management guidelines outlined in the UNESCO / ILO Recommendations.

Other motivation factors found in the school environment, relationships with students, colleagues, community, and the act of teaching and facilitating learning, deserve consideration as well. Different factors have power to motivate and/or discourage teachers in crisis and post-crisis contexts. They need to be studied and acknowledged, with appropriate and context-specific steps taken to support rather than diminish teacher motivation.


Teacher Motivation Framework


Possible Positive Implications

Possible Negative Implications

Teacher Motivation

The different professionally related factors within the school context that encourage or discourage teachers in their work.

+ Positive factors may help them feel happy, satisfied and proud to be a teacher. These factors may sustain them when difficulties arise.

- Negative factors make teachers feel frustrated, unmotivated, and professionally isolated and unsupported.

  • Teachers may be motivated by other factors, such as a desire to help their community or to be a community leader.

  • Teachers may be encouraged through participatory approaches to training and management that respect and value their skills and experience.

  • Support from colleagues, an opportunity to learn and participation in decision-making on school-related matters

  • Teachers may be easily discouraged by difficult working conditions. (A small or non-existent salary).

  • Teachers may be discouraged by negative attitudes (“deficit model”) from trainers and managers.

  • Lack of inclusion in decision-making processes on school-related issues.

Click here for a printable version of this framework.


Review this framework. Consider other possible positive implications for teacher motivation issues in your context. Consider other possible negative implications of teacher motivation issues as well. Now develop your own context-specific Teacher Motivation framework to use as a tool in program design and development related to teacher support.

Definition: UNESCO

United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization

Definition: ILO

International Labor Organization

Definition: deficit model

refers to a situation that is automatically treated as a problem without consideration of the positive qualities ”or potential” an individual, a situation or a place may have; the term could, for example, refer to the negative attitude and assumptions that teachers may have about a quiet child in the class who never answers any questions or shows off what he or she might know