Gender Dynamics

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Gender Issues Related to Education Demand

This chart shows some gender issues relating to education demand. Remember, demand issues are concerned with levels of interest and commitment to accessing educational opportunities from students and their families.

Demand Issues

Gender Dimensions

Safety and security

  • Parents keep daughters from school for protection.

  • Demand for education (for boys and girls) is reduced if there is fear of the school being targeted.

Income generation

  • Boys and girls of different ages have different income-generating potential in a family. This fact influences family decisions on schooling.

  • Families may believe that additional training will not lead to increased income for young women and will therefore not want to invest resources and time in vocational education.

Childcare and household duties

  • Girls and young women are often responsible for childcare and household duties, especially if the mother has to work outside the home.

Marriage and motherhood

  • Girls and young women are often forced to marry early, for protection, economic reasons, etc. Early marriage usually means the end of a girl's schooling or skills training.

Cultural attitudes

  • All of the above factors shape and are shaped by cultural attitudes toward different gender roles of boys and girls, men and women.



Review the general chart. Then download a blank chart and fill in the specific gender dimensions of education demand in your context.


Compare the Minimum Standards with the demand-related gender dimensions and priorities that you have identified. How do the Minimum Standards provide guidance on issues relevant to your context? Are there gaps?