Case Study 1: Female Pre-School Teachers in Ethiopia
A newly established pre-school program in the Shimelba refugee camp, northern Ethiopia, highlighted some complex gender dynamics in education. In this situation where there are refugees of two ethnic groups in the camp (Kunama and Tigrigna), gender has to be considered in relation to teachers' ethnic identity as well.
In the past, pre-school children attended kindergarten and pre-kindergarten classes in the primary school alongside primary school students. The specific learning needs of these young children were not well met. In 2005, however, a dedicated pre-school opened in the camp, and 10 female pre-school teachers became part of a new initiative to provide tailored learning and development opportunities for pre-school children.