Gender Dynamics

Gender Mainstreaming

Girls' enrollment in school has, in the past, been the key gender equality issue for crisis and post-crisis contexts. Now the focus has broadened to include a more comprehensive awareness of gender issues throughout the structures, systems and processes of education. Now educators apply gendered perspectives to the experiences and perceptions of students – but also of teachers, parents, and education and vocational training officials. This broader vision is necessary to design and implement programs to address gender equality issues.

The education and livelihoods development sectors can learn from key findings from extensive research on gender and conflict or crises, including:

  • Because of their different social roles and responsibilities, crises and their aftermath affect men, women, boys and girls in different ways.

  • Because of their different social roles and responsibilities, men and women often have different priorities for recovery and reconstruction.

  • Gender roles and responsibilities – of men, women, boys and girls – may change quite dramatically in times of crisis. Those changes may or may not be sustained.

Educators working in crisis and post-crisis situations can also learn from extensive work on gender equality and education in development contexts.

Click here for more information on gender disparities in education in development contexts.