Glossary

Glossary

Term Definition

absenteeism

frequent or habitual absence from school

advocacy

the act of pleading or arguing in favor of something, such as a cause, idea or policy; active support

alternative qualifications

the personal qualities, characteristics, skills and other abilities that make certain individuals very well suited for teaching even if they don‘t have the specific education, formal training and experience; recognition of and building on teachers‘ alternative qualifications can help to strengthen teacher identity; alternative qualifications can motivate teachers and result in enhanced teacher well-being

appropriate methods

chosen according to the principles and standards required to produce “quality" (valid, accurate) data

baseline

information gathered before a program begins; baseline data establish the existing conditions in relation to the program objectives, effects and outputs before implementation

brainstorming

a technique of solving specific problems, amassing information, stimulating creative thinking, developing new ideas, etc., by unrestrained and spontaneous participation in discussion

CAs

Classroom Assistants (see Classroom Assistants definition)

child-friendly classrooms

schools or classrooms that are welcoming to children and conducive to their learning

Classroom Assistants

individuals who assist teachers in the classrooms in a variety of ways, including, but not limited to, ensuring student attention, maintaining order and discipline in the classroom, tidying up the classroom, preparing teaching aids, etc.

collaborative

accomplished by working together

corporal punishment

physical punishment such as spanking, hitting, smacking, etc.

deficit model

refers to a situation that is automatically treated as a problem without consideration of the positive qualities ”or potential” an individual, a situation or a place may have; the term could, for example, refer to the negative attitude and assumptions that teachers may have about a quiet child in the class who never answers any questions or shows off what he or she might know

drop out

to quit or withdraw from school

empowerment

concerns women and men taking control over their lives: setting their own agendas, gaining skills, building self-confidence, solving problems and developing self-reliance

enrollment

the number of persons in a class or in a school

exploitation

refers to one person taking advantage of another for personal gain

FP

focal point

GBV

gender-based violence (see gender-based violence definition)

gender

the characteristics that a culture or society decides are either masculine or feminine; not necessarily based on biology alone (read about gender roles for more information).

gender equality

the equal valuing by society of both the similarities and differences between women and men, and the equal valuing of the varying roles that women and men play

gender equity

refers to ensuring fairness and basic equal rights to women and men

gender mainstreaming

gender mainstreaming is a dual approach that implies incorporating a gender equality perspective into all policies, at all levels and at all stages, by all actors normally involved in policy-making

gender roles

the "appropriate" social roles, responsibilities, expectations and behavior of men, women, boys and girls as defined by the culture or society and by the times in which people live

gender-based violence

an unfair treatment directed against another person because of his/her gender, or sexual orientation harassment; unwanted and offensive behavior

harassment

unwanted and offensive behavior

holistic

taking into account many or all factors

IDP

internally displaced person

ILO

International Labor Organization

INEE

Inter-Agency Network for Education in Emergencies

intellectual stimulation

something mentally engaging and interesting

learner-centered

instruction driven by the child's interests, needs and learning styles

log frame

a plan of action with defined goals, delineated objectives, expected outputs and means of verification; a process for monitoring project indicators

M&E

Monitoring & Evaluation

MoV

Means of Verification

MoE

Ministry of Education

Means of Verification

the continuous practice of critically looking at experiences and actions and applying new knowledge to practice; the process of studying methods and determining what works well

MTT

Master Teacher Trainer

pedagogy

the art or science of teaching; education; instructional methods

personal attachments

feeling close to people; bonding

proxy indicators

highly context-specific, second-hand measurement that will reliably represent another measure

reflective practice

the continuous practice of critically looking at experiences and actions and applying new knowledge to practice; the process of studying methods and determining what works well

relationships with peers

relationships with children of about the same age and with similar backgrounds, usually from the same or nearby communities

RH

reproductive health

SAE

sexual abuse and exploitation

self-esteem

how a person feels about himself or herself in the moment

self-worth

how a person thinks about himself or herself overall

sense of belonging

feeling accepted and at ease

sense of belonging

feeling accepted and at ease

sense of control

feeling able and empowered in a given situation

sense of safety

feeling free from harm, injury, danger or risk

sex

the biological state of being male or female

sexual abuse

the forcing of unwanted sexual activity by one person on another through the use of threats or coercion

SMC

School Management Committee

stakeholder

a person or group that has an investment, share or interest in something

student

any individual receiving instruction or training in a range of learning environments such as formal and non-formal schools, literacy and numeracy classes, vocational training and even apprenticeships

synthesize

to put something together; to make something out of multiple parts

teacher

in Healing Classrooms, teachers refers to a diverse group of individuals facilitating learning, development and protection activities in IRC's education interventions; this may include primary school teachers, child-friendly spaces facilitators, vocational trainers or a variety of other educators and facilitators in the full range of education interventions

teacher tentativeness

a negative force in quality education; a result of weak teacher identity and of low levels of both teacher motivation and teacher well-being, teacher tentativeness has negative implications for the quality of children‘s learning and on their well-being

trauma

an emotional or psychological injury

turnover

the number of workers hired by an establishment to replace those who have left in a given period of time

UNESCO

United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization

Village Savings and Loan Association (VSLA)

a self-selected group of people who pool their money into a fund from which members can borrow; money is paid back with interest, causing the fund to grow; the regular savings contributions to the group are deposited with an end date in mind for distribution of all or part of the total funds (including interest earnings) to the individual members, usually on the basis of a formula that links payout to the amount saved; this lump sum distribution provides a large amount of money that each member can then apply to his/her own needs